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About the Teacher

10 months ago


B.S. in Communications- Kutztown University - 1987 

Certification in Special Education K-12 - Millersville University - 1990 

M.Ed. - Elementary Education - Millersville University - 1996 

M.Ed. and Certification in School Counseling - Millersville University - 2008

Teaching Since: 1991 


Special Education - Grades 6, 7, and 8 - Donegal Middle School

Grade 5 - Grandview Elementary School

Grade 6 - Science and Math - Donegal Middle School

Currently the 7th and 8th Grade Counselor - Donegal Junior High School (formerly Middle School)



These are my daughters.  They are Taylor, Mollie and Lauren. I can't forget to mention our dog, Gertie.  She is a Miniature Shnauzer.   

I live in Maytown with my daughters and my wife.  Mrs. Hoffman is a second grade teacher at Donegal Springs Elementary.  We enjoy going to all of our daughter's sporting events.  Taylor is a Junior Mollie is a sophmore and Lauren is on the Gold Team!  Taylor plays soccer for Donegal and plays on two indoor soccer teams.  Mollie plays club and school soccer.  She is also on LANCO premier soccer team.  Lauren also plays soccer and is on a LDC premier soccer team.  This keeps us very busy but we wouldn't give it up for the world.  We enjoy spending time together as a family.


Red Ribbon Week Drug IQ answers

10 months ago

1. What is the substance most used by high school seniors? The correct answer is C. 44% of high school seniors drank alcohol in the past month; 21% used marijuana.

2. Studies have found that up to 14 percent of drivers injured or killed in traffic accidents tested positive for: The correct answer is C. Alcohol remains the number one drug reported in traffic related deaths. Marijuana can alter perception, attention, coordination, and reaction time - all of which are necessary for safe driving.

3. The most commonly abused class of prescription drug is: The correct answer is C. The latest survey shows that nearly 5.3 million people abused pain reliever in the past month.

4. How many Americans die from diseases associated with tobacco use each year? The correct answer is D. Of the 440,000, 49,900 deaths were attributed to people who were exposed to secondhand smoke!

5. Why does marijuana make you hungry? The correct answer is B. THC affects several brain areas, including those that influence appetite as well as pleasure, memory, perception, pain, movement, coordination, and more.

6. Anabolic (growing or building) steroids - used by some athletes to improve performance - can do which of the following? The correct answer is E. To the get the desired effects on performance, users take high doses of steroids, which can lead to all of the effects noted - some of which can be permanent.

7. What groups abuses inhalants (breathing in chemical vapors - "huffing") the most? The correct answer is C. The latest survey of 8th, 10th, and 12 th graders reported the highest rates of inhalant abuse among 8th graders!

8. Snorting cocaine can cause: The correct answer is D. Cocaine users not only risk panic attacks, heart attacks, and seizures, but also respiratory failure, strokes, and death!

9. What is the leading cause of preventable birth defects? The correct answer is B 朅lcohol. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most common known preventable cause of mental impairment. Babies born FAS may have lifelong problems in learning, memory, attention, and problem solving.

10. Many teens abuse prescriptions drugs. How do most get them? The correct answer is B. Most high school seniors who abused prescription drugs got them for free from a friend or relative; very few of them get them from the internet.

11. When a person gradually needs a larger dose of a drug to get the same effects, it is referred to as: The correct answer is B - Tolerance

12. Drug abusers are at risk for HIV infection: The correct answer is D - Sharing needles and making bad decisions.

13. The drug, methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is also called "X because: The correct answer is D. MDMA is called "X" because it is short for "Ecstasy". But the drug also causes muscle cramping and teeth clenching.

14. Which of the following is associated with teenage drinking? The correct is answer is D. All of these, plus school failure and injuries are associated with teenage drinking.

15. Which chemicals below will enter your lungs when you take a puff of a cigarette? The correct answer is E. All of these chemicals can be found in cigarettes, along with about 4,000 more. Of these, 250 are known to be harmful, with 50 found to cause cancer.

16. How many teens (age 12 to 17) are treated for substance abuse in a year? The correct answer is C - 142,000!

17. Alcohol acts as a depressant. This means: The correct answer is A - Alcohol slows down the brain. Who wants that??

18. What percentage of people who try marijuana will become addicted to it? The correct answer is D. MARIJUANA IS ADDICTIVE! The risk increases among those who start early and those who use daily.

19. It is safe to use prescription medications when: The correct answer is C. No matter how well-intentioned friends and family may be, ONLY A DOCTOR IS QUALIFIED to prescribe the right medication in the right dose for you!

20. What is your anti-drug? The correct answer is ANYTHING OTHER THAN ABUSING DRUGS OR ALCOHOL! Good Job!!

21. Abusing substances does what do your brain? The correct is C. Did this question mess with your head? That's exactly what drugs do!


S.O.S. (Students Offering Solutions) Club

10 months ago


Students Offering Services

Students in my club will be trained in peer mediation and assist students who are in conflict with one another to find a solution.   Students will also be trained in a solution-focused way of dealing with issues and teach those skills to other students so they can find solutions to their problems.  Among dealing with social issues, the students who are selected for this club will become peer helpers to those who need it.  They will assist students who might need help with class work or homework.  They could possibly help another student organize his or binder. 


Teachers/counselors can recommend students for this type of help or students can seek the help out on their own.


This club is for 7th and 8th grade students only.  S.O.S. club members will remain in this club the entire school year.

PSSA Information

10 months ago

Pennsylvania System of School Assessment
PSSA stands for Pennsylvania System of School Assessment and is the standardized test given to students in 3rd, 5th, 8th and 11th grades throughout the state.  The test is based on educational standards that the state determined were essential to students at various grade levels.  The PSSA measures individual student growth within these state standards.  It also measures if a student is proficient in math and reading.  Student results are reported as either advanced, proficient, basic or below basic.
  • Advanced - consistently demonstrates an in-depth understanding of the grade-level appropriate concepts/skills and uses sophisticated strategies to solve a task.
  • Proficient - routinely demonstrates a variety of grade-level appropriate concepts/skills for a particular subject/task.
  • Basic - at times demonstrates some grade-level appropriate concepts/skills for a particular subject/task.
  • Below Basic - seldom demonstrates grade-level appropriate concepts/skills for a particular subject/task.
The Donegal School District recognizes that the PSSAs can be stressful to students.  Some helpful links below from the PA Department of Education might help you prepare your child for the rigors of test taking.
PSSA Testing Dates

April 7 - 16               Reading and Math
April 19 - 23             Writing
April 26 - 29             Science

Sample Math and Reading PSSA tests

 Curriculum Links - Standardized test preparation for PSSA, Links to Practice tests for Math, Reading, Science and Writing
 Reading Anchor Practice
 PSSA Classroom Connections - PSSA and Academic Standards Info
 PSSA Test-Prep Web Help aligned with Standards (grades 3-5) - external web links, worksheets, games, lesson plans and additional resources to prepare for PSSA Reading, Writing and Math assessment.
 PSSA Test-Prep Web Help aligned with Standards (grades 6-8) - external web links, worksheets, games, lesson plans and additional resources to prepare for PSSA Reading, Writing and Math assessment.
 Ways to reduce your child's anxiety
More information con be found on the Pennsylvania Department of Education's website -